Checking if something is callable or async callable in Python

I wanted a mechanism to check if a given Python object was "callable" - could be called like a function - or "async callable" - could be called using await obj().

I ended up writing this helper function to help introspect objects and answer those questions:

import asyncio
import types
from typing import NamedTuple, Any

class CallableStatus(NamedTuple):
    is_callable: bool
    is_async_callable: bool

def check_callable(obj: Any) -> CallableStatus:
    if not callable(obj):
        return CallableStatus(False, False)

    if isinstance(obj, type):
        # It's a class
        return CallableStatus(True, False)

    if isinstance(obj, types.FunctionType):
        return CallableStatus(True, asyncio.iscoroutinefunction(obj))

    if hasattr(obj, "__call__"):
        return CallableStatus(True, asyncio.iscoroutinefunction(obj.__call__))

    assert False, "obj {} is somehow callable with no __call__ method".format(repr(obj))

check_callable(obj) returns a CallableStatus named tuple, with an is_callable boolean saying if it can be caled and an is_async_callable boolean specifying if you need to use await with it.

I wrote these pytest tests to exercise the check_callable() function:

import pytest

class AsyncClass:
    async def __call__(self):

class NotAsyncClass:
    def __call__(self):

class ClassNoCall:

async def async_func():

def non_async_func():

        (async_func, True, True),
        (non_async_func, True, False),
        (AsyncClass(), True, True),
        (NotAsyncClass(), True, False),
        (ClassNoCall(), False, False),
        (AsyncClass, True, False),
        (NotAsyncClass, True, False),
        (ClassNoCall, True, False),
        ("", False, False),
        (1, False, False),
        (str, True, False),
def test_check_callable(obj, expected_is_callable, expected_is_async_callable):
    status = check_callable(obj)
    assert status.is_callable == expected_is_callable
    assert status.is_async_callable == expected_is_async_callable

See this commit for my initial implementation.


Created 2023-08-04T16:40:33-07:00 · Edit